As is mostly believed, the ratio of disasters has increased over the years. This might not be the case, as disasters have always struck humanity. However, the media explosion and coverage enable us to get to know about every disaster striking in any corner of the world. This media attention and the increased devastation have forced many governments to implement the advanced methods of disaster management. Disaster shelter is one of the most visible and most useful components of any disaster management program.
A disaster shelter does not have a set or fixed structure or equipment. Disaster shelters depend upon the type and nature of a particular natural event and are constructed in a manner to accommodate the affected population of that incident. However, there are some common types of equipment present in every disaster shelter.The Following is a brief description of each of disaster shelter equipment:
Bedding has to be included in the equipment category during a disaster due to a heavy displacement of people. As the houses and properties are damaged, people are unable to arrange their beddings. Subsequently, it is provided to them in the disaster shelters.
Tents and camping equipment are also some of the core supplies in any disaster shelter. In most cases, disaster shelters are themselves housed in tents. Affected people are provided with tents and camping equipment so that they can have some shelter and privacy.
Medical equipment and supplies are also of paramount importance. Their importance is quadrupled in the case of a disaster. This is the time when thousands or even millions of people are injured seriously. They need immediate medical attention. A basic disaster shelter can have a doctor or paramedics on call so that patients can be treated immediately and the loss of lives may be curtailed. Similarly, a disaster of medicines and basic medical equipment like an X-ray machine and basic blood testing system, among other things.
Disasters cripple the water supply system. In the case of an earthquake or flood, water supply lines are mixed with the sewerage system thus, making the water polluted. People can become ill, and the whole population can come under a disease outbreak if there is no system of water purification.
There may be a power generator in a disaster shelter. In the absence of electricity, no one would be able to carry out the relief work or even support the affected people in the disaster shelter. Additionally, the electricity generator should be of a high voltage so as to support the operations of medical equipment and electric stoves, among other things.
A communication system is also necessary to keep in touch with the higher authorities and disaster relief committees. The communication system also helps in a speedy transportation of relief goods to the affected areas. Moreover, it can help the victims of the natural disaster to get in touch with their families and relatives, living in other parts of the country, which may eventually result in some of the victims moving temporarily to their loved ones.